The more you know about your diamond, the more confident you will feel when making your diamond jewelry choices.
Take a moment to learn more about ‘The Four Cs of diamonds’ and find out how they play an important role in making your diamond jewelry unique.
This term is often confused with the shape of the diamond. The cut of a diamond determines its brilliance or sparkle, not its shape. Each shape will be cut differently to showcase its unique attributes. Before a diamond is cut, the location of inclusions and flaws, the natural coloration and the original shape of the rough stone are studied extensively. The stone facets are then mapped out and cut in a way that accents the size, shape, and clarity.
For optimal light performance, you will want a diamond that is cut neither too shallow nor too deep, like the stones that Hawthorne Jewelry offers.
Diamonds are graded based on the amount of color they do or do not possess. The scale runs from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow). An absolutely colorless diamond is rare and therefore very valuable. At Hawthorne Jewelry, much of our jewelry contains near colorless (G-J) diamonds because we feel that they give you the best overall value.
A diamond is distinguished by its natural characteristics, and every single diamond is unique because of these inclusions. Notated as a diamond’s clarity, these characteristics can be present on the surface (blemishes) or within the stone (inclusions).
The clarity is judged by the number and types of these characteristics and is designated using a scale that runs from Rl, defined as flawless, to l3, defined as inclusions visible with the naked eye. A flawless diamond is truly rare.
The unit of measure used for the weight of a diamond is the carat. As a matter of reference, a carat is equivalent to .2 grams or .007 of an ounce. Carat weight can also be divided further by using points. There are 100 points in one carat. So a 1/4 (.25) carat stone can also be expressed as 25 points and mean exactly the same thing. When comparing two diamonds, please note that just because one is twice the carat weight of the other does not mean that it will appear to be twice the size.